She was spared by German soldiers seeking her uncle and protector, a cousin of Albert Einstein. She went on to help start the British New Wave in cinema.
As literary executor of the estate of his father, J.R.R. Tolkien, Mr. Tolkien compiled and edited such works as “The Silmarillion.”
A philosopher, author and columnist, he was an outspoken hero to conservatives in Britain and recently at the center of, in his words, a “hate storm.”
Her popular crime solvers Hamish Macbeth and Agatha Raisin were the focus of dozens of books, as well as TV series.
She spent 33 years on the two-volume biography, examining 460,000 items at the Library of Congress that stretched 319 linear feet.
A contemporary and friend of Milos Forman, he was part of the Czech New Wave before resettling in the United States.
She used clay to reconstruct the faces of the missing and the murdered, in the hope of helping police departments learn who they were.
The British troupe wasn’t well known in the United States until she began promoting its records and pushing to get “Monty Python’s Flying Circus” on PBS.
He worked with Peter Lynch on several guides to stock trading. He also wrote a guidebook that offered no advice at all.